GETTING TO KNOW ORANGUTAN, DESPITE THE LIMITATIONS

Started when one of the Orangufriends Yogyakarta received an information that a school requested school visit for wildlife knowledge sharing. The support group of COP or Orangufriends collect all information related to the particular school: address, number of students, and participant target. One of the biggest challenge they found was the fact that this school was not a regular school like the ones they usually visited, this school, SD (elementary school)  & MTs (junior high) Yekatunis was a school for children with special needs (disabled children). In order to prepare the materials better and more suited for the children, the visit schedule needed to be pushed back to 6 October 2016.

Coordination with the teacher is a must, so the students would be able to understand the materials and the speaker would be able to deliver materials in way that acceptable for the student. Briefing with Orangufriends conducted at 3 October 2016, 4 days before the school visit. During the briefing, Orangufriends discussed the speakers grouping for student groups. The students would be divided into 5 groups, which each consist of 14 students, 13 students, 10 students, 9 students and 10 students. This grouping was based on the special needs of the students. Those students had various disabilities: visually impaired, physically impaired, mentally challenged, handicapped, and slowlearner.

The discussion then continued to decide the materials and the best way to deliver it, best suited for the disabled student’s imagination. It was decided that for elementary school students, the material would be delivered via storytelling, and for MTs the material would be delivered via oral presentation and hand puppet. Besides that, Orangufriends also brought the orangutan costume which aimed to give the students a picture of what a real orangutan would look like.

During the discussion, there are several challenges found; the big number of students so it would be impossible to deliver the materials in one room, so Orangufriends decided to deliver the materials in separate classes based on the group. Another challenge was the limited number of hand puppet, so it was decided to distribute the puppets fairly to all groups. The next challenge was how to ensure all classes able to see the orangutan costume, so it was decided that the man in costume will visit each class for 10 minutes.

14 Orangufriends started the school visit at 8 AM. The enthusiasm of students was shown when Orangufriends entered the class, where the students hoped that there would be real orangutan. Challenges started to emerge when speakers delivered the materials, and found it quite difficult to simplify words and create common understanding with students. Inside the class, there were a lot unexpected questions asked by students: “How does orangutan give birth?” or “Does orangutan feel comfortable to live in zoo?”

The elementary school students showed various reaction when the orangutan costume entered class: some screamed hysterically, afraid of the orangutan fur; shocked and went speechless; peed their pants; threw up; even excited and hugged the costume very tightly,

At the end of the visit, the students were gathered into the school’s auditorium along with teachers and the Orangufriends. An elementary schools student named Putri was brave enough to sing in front of her friends, and another elementary school student named Panca spoke in front of his friends about his experience of the school visit. Despite the all screaming, Orangufriends was delighted to share the knowledge about wildlife to the students. This was the first experience and a very special one. The school was chosen not without a reason, but to show that knowledge knows no limitations.
Thank you for students and teachers of SD & MTs Yekatunis that hosted our visit. Thank you for Orangufriends Yogyakarta with their spirit for knowledge sharing to Yekatunis students. (Kharin-Orangufriends Yogya).

MENGENAL ORANGUTAN TANPA BATAS KEMAMPUAN

Berawal dari informasi salah satu Orangufriends Yogyakarta bahwa ada satu sekolah yang mengharapkan adanya sharing ilmu tentang satwa liar. Kelompok pendukung COP atau Orangufriends mengumpulkan berbagai informasi tentang sekolah tersebut seperti alamat sekolah, jumlah siswa-siswi dan target peserta. Satu hal yang pertama menjadi tantangan besar dan cukup membuat semua orangufriends menelan ludah yaitu ini bukan sekolah biasa yang sering orangufriends kunjungi. Sekolah Dasar dan MTs Yekatunis dengan predikat Sekolah Luar Biasa untuk siswa berkebutuhan khusus (Disabilitas).
Hal ini juga membuat jadwal school visit menjadi mundur menjadi tanggal 06 oktober 2016 karena materi dan pemateri yang harus dipersiapkan sebaik-baiknya.

Koordinasi dengan guru sekolah menjadi suatu keharusan agar siswa-siswi dapat menerima materi dengan baik dan pemateri dapat menyampaikan dengan benar. Briefing dengan teman-teman orangufriends pun dilakukan pada Senin 03 oktober 2016, ympat hari sebelum school visit dilaksanakan. Beberapa hal yang orangufriends diskusikan yaitu pembagian kelompok pemateri untuk siswa. Kelompok dibagi dengan variasi jumlah 14 orang, 13 orang, 10 orang, 9 orang, dan 10 orang. Pembagian kelompok pun tidak bisa sembarangan karena ada beberapa siswa yang menderita lebih dari satu jenis disabilitas sehingga penanganannya berbeda dengan siswa lainnya. Siswa- siswa tersebut menderita disabilitas seperti tuna netra yaitu sulit dalam penglihatan, tuna daksa yaitu memiliki cacat di bagian tubuh tertentu, tuna grahita yaitu kelemahan dalam berfikir dan bernalar, handicap yaitu memiliki kombinasi kelainan dan slowlearner yaitu sulit dalam belajar.

Setelah itu, diskusi berlanjut mengenai materi yang akan dibawakan beserta cara penyampaiannya agar sesuai dengan imaginasi penderita disabilitas. Bagi siswa-siswi SD materi berbentuk dongeng tentang kehilangan hutan dan boneka tangan sedangkan untuk MTs materi lisan tentang konservasi satwa liar dan boneka tangan. Selain materi di atas orangutfriends juga membawa kostum orangutan asli yang diharapkan saat siswa melakukan kontak fisik dapat membayangkan ukuran orangutan serta bulu orangutan sebenarnya.

Selama diskusi ada beberapa hal yang menjadi kendala dan berubah-ubah seperti jumlah siswa yang cukup banyak sehingga tidak bisa pemberian materi dalam satu ruang aula seperti rencana sebelumnya maka dari orangufriends membagi menjadi 5 kelas berbeda sesuai kelompok. Tantangan pertama terselesaikan, kemudian muncul tantangan kedua untuk membagi jumlah boneka tangan yang terbatas jumlahnya agar tiap siswa-siswi di kelas dapat mengimaginasikan satwa sesuai dengan ukuran aslinya maka hanya berapa jenis boneka satwa yang digunakan seperti tupai, kodok, elang dan orangutan kecil.

Tantangan kedua selesai, kemudian ada tantangan ketiga dimana kostum orangutan hanya ada 1 sehingga dalam 10 menit sekali orang yang menggunakan kostum harus masuk ke kelas secara bergantian.

Empat belas orangufriends memulai school visit tepat pukul 08.00 pagi. Antusiasme siswa sudah mulai terlihat saat masuk kelas dimana siswa mengharapkan kehadiran orangutan. Kekhawatiran yang sebagian besar muncul saat menyampaikan materi yaitu pemateri kesulitan untuk menyederhanakan kata dan menyamakan imaginasi bersama siswa. Saat di dalam kelas banyak muncul pertanyaan dari siswa-siswi MTs yang tidak terduga seperti, “Bagaimana cara orangutan melahirkan?” atau “Sebenarnya kebun binatang itu nyaman untuk orangutan atau tidak?”.

Siswa-siswi SD memberikan respon yang berbeda-beda saat orangufriends yang menggunakan kostum masuk ruang kelas seperti ada yang histeris ketakutan dengan bulu orangutan, syok dan tidak bisa bicara, mengompol, dan muntah serta kesenangan yang tidak tertahankan sehingga orangutan dipeluk dengan erat.

Di akhir acara siswa-siswi SD dan MTs dikumpulkan di ruang aula sekolah bersama dengan guru dan orangufriends lainnya. Siswi SD bernama putri memberanikan diri bernyanyi di depan teman-temannya dan siswa Panca memberikan kesan saat orangutan datang ke kelas. Terlepas dari suara teriakan yang terdengar di sekolah orangufriends sangat senang dapat memberikan ilmu tentang satwa liar kepada siswa-siswi. Ini merupakan pengalaman pertama dan sangat spesial. Bukan tanpa alasan pemilihan sekolah dilakukan tetapi karena ilmu tidak memandang batas kemampuan seseorang untuk terus belajar.

Terima kasih untuk siswa-siswi SD dan MTs Yekatunis beserta guru-guru yang sudah menerima kehadiran kami dengan baik. Terima kasih untuk teman-teman orangufriends Yogyakarta yang dengan semangatnya dapat berbagi ilmu dengan siswa-siswi sekolah Yekatunis. (Kharin-Orangufriends Yogya)

ONE MONTH LEFT FOR HAPPI TO ENTER THE FOREST SCHOOL

One month left for Happi to be able to join her foru seniors that play in forest school. This afternoon Happi came back to her enclosure to take a nap..

Happi is one of the orangutan rescued back in August 29th 2016. She’s not more than 1 year old. She is very young. Orangutan babies resembles very much to human babies, very dependent to their mothers. It’s so tragic, Happi lost her mom and ends up in COP Borneo’s clinic, East Borneo. Where did her mother go?

Since the beginning of September, Centre for Orangutan Protection started a campaign ‘Terror of Air Riffles’ through petition on https://www.change.org/p/kapolri-hapuskan-perburuan-dengan-senapan-angin-terorsenapanangin-divhumaspolri

How easy it is to purchase an air-riffle and how common it is used to injure or even kill wild life especially orangutan was the background of the campaign.

SEBULAN LAGI HAPPI MASUK SEKOLAH HUTAN

Masih sebulan lagi, Happi baru bisa bergabung dengan keempat seniornya yang bermain di sekolah hutan. Siang ini Happi kembali ke kandang untuk tidur siang…
Happi adalah orangutan yang diselamatkan pada 29 Agustus 2016 yang lalu. Usianya tidak lebih satu tahun. Masih sangat kecil sekali. Bayi orangutan sangat mirip dengan bayi manusia, sangat tergantung sekali dengan ibunya. Sungguh tragis, Happi harus kehilangan ibunya dan berakhir di kandang klinik COP Borneo, Kalimantan Timur. Kemana ibunya?

Sejak awal September Centre for Orangutan Protection memulai kampanye Senapan Angin adalah teror satwa liar lewat petisi https://www.change.org/p/kapolri-hapuskan-perburuan-dengan-senapan-angin-terorsenapanangin-divhumaspolri
Keprihatinan begitu mudahnya senapan angin diperoleh dan dipergunakan untuk melukai bahkan membunuh satwa liar khususnya orangutan merupakan landasan kampanye #antisenapanangin di tahun 2014. Jika kamu tidak menginginkan, orangutan menjadi yatim dan terpaksa masuk ke pusat rehabilitasi, segera tanda tangani petisi tersebut. Save or Delete, You Decide!

COP COMBAT ILLEGAL WILDLIFE TRADE

Forest clearing to make way for new palm oil plantations is occurring on a massive scale in Sumatra and Kalimantan. This has clearly had a big impact on the illegal wildlife trade in Indonesia. As a result of the clearing, it is getting easier to obtain wildlife, especially those with the greatest monetary value like primates and big cats. Government control over traditional bird markets which are used to trade wildlife has increased and as a result, traders are moving online.

Social media platforms like Facebook play a large role in facilitating the market for illegal wildlife trade. Keeping of protected wildlife used to only be done by certain parts of society as a symbol of status and power. Now, it has spread to all parts of society, especially young people. Young people like to communicate via virtual groups. Traders often enter these groups, posing as members and offer their trades. These groups often become off-line groups which meet in person while the trader hides behind their fake identify and account.

Education and awareness raising efforts of COP and Animals are often met with resistance. Traders fight back and challenge law enforcement. COP and Animals believe that prison is the best classroom for them to learn lessons about wildlife protection.

Specialised strategies are needed to enforce the law and make sure that information about operations is not leaked. The monetary value associated with illegal wildlife trade means that it attracts corrupt officials and even those within wildlife conservation such as veterinarians have been found to be involved. Rivalry between law enforcement agencies is also a challenge.
In the last five years, COP and Animals, in conjunction with law enforcement agencies, have carried out 28 operations, have saved 200 live animals including 25 orangutans, 5 bears, 16 Javan langurs and 16 slow lorises. Cases involving orangutan and tigers usually involve professional and highly experienced traders. The value of the transactions can range from 10 to 200 million rupiah ($US 1,000-20,0000).

22 people have been imprisoned for illegal wildlife trade with sentences ranging from 6 months to 2,5 years. The length of the sentence does not seem to be a deterrent to traders. In our experience, some traders return to selling after being released from prison and others change profession and undertake other criminal work resulting from new relationships that they formed in prison.
COP still believes that law enforcement is the best way to tackle the illegal wildlife trade because this issue is not related to ignorance or poverty. We are dealing with sick people who are proud to break the law and are blinded by the benefits of this illegal activity.

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