SATWA DI KUM KUM BELUM TERDAMPAK KEBAKARAN LAHAN KALTENG

Kebakaran lahan untuk wilayah Kalimantan Tengah di musim kemarau kembali terjadi. Sudah sebulan terakhir ini, Manggala Agni Palangkaraya bekerja keras memadamkan api. Ini bukan pekerjaan mudah, lahan gambut menyimpan bara di dalamnya. 

Centre for Orangutan Protection dengan tim APE Crusader bergerak cepat ke provinsi Kalimantan Tengah. Tentu saja, keselamatan satwa yang terdampak kebakaran lahan menjadi fokusnya kali ini. “Kondisi asap yang dikawatirkan sampai ke lokasi Taman Wisata Kum Kum, Kalimantan Tengah ternyata tidak begitu berdampak pada satwa. Kum Kum terlihat sepi. Kandang satwa cukup bersih, kecuali kandang elang. Namun sayang miskin enrichment yang dapat membantu satwa berperilaku seperti satwa liarnya.

Dua binturong dan satu elang bondol tercatat sebagai satwa yang dilindungi UU No 5 tahun 1990 tentang Konservasi Sumber Daya Alam Hayati dan Ekosistemnya. Dan tiga beruk, satu buaya muara dan satu monyet ekor panjang. Kondisinya masih jauh dari lima kebebasan kesejahteraan satwa. Bantu satwa liar di Taman Satwa Kum Kum yuk. (HER)

SAAT KALTENG BELUM JUGA MERDEKA DARI ASAP

Ada tiga titik panas indikasi api di sekitaran Palangkaraya pada 17 Agustus 2019, tepat saat sebagian besar masyarakat Indonesia sedang memperingati detik-detik kemerdekaan Indonesia 74 tahun yang lalu. “Sayang, Kalimantan Tengah masih harus berjuang memadamkan api. Palangkaraya masih juga belum merdeka dari asap.”, ujar Daniek Hendarto, direktur Centre for Orangutan Protection di lokasi kebakaran lahan.

Jalan Soekarno, Palangkaraya, Kalimantan Tengah dengan dua titik lokasi kebakaran lahan dan satu titik kebakaran lahan di Jalan Mahir Mahar. Dari informasi yang dihimpun, hampir setiap tahun lahan tersebut terbakar. Dan ketika kami berada di lokasi kebakaran terbesar terjadi di Jalan Mahir Mahar dimana api hampir setinggi tiang listrik. 

Bekas lokasi yang terbakar menimbulkan asap yang cukup pekat. Semakin diperburuk dengan arah angin yang berubah-ubah. “Memang bukan di kota Palangkarayanya, lokasi kebakaran lahan menuju arah luar kota dari Palangkaraya. Sebaiknya masker dan pelindung mata tetap dipergunakan. Tapi bagaimana dengan nasib satwa? Untuk satwa yang terdampak, kami, tim APE Crusader berusaha menolong. Jika ada informasi satwa liar yang terdampak kebakaran lahan, mohon untuk menghubungi Cenre for Orangutan Protection melalui media sosialnya.”, ujar Daniek Hendarto lagi. (HER)

THERE IS PUFF OF SMOKE ABOVE THE LABANAN FOREST

Periodically, the APE Crusader team who happened to be at the COP Borneo orangutan rehabilitation center flew a drone. Observing landscapes from above is now much easier than before. “There is a puff of smoke. interesting to visit. It’s not too far away, only about 2 km, “said Wety Rupiana.

The closer, the clearer was the Labanan Research Forest that had caught fire. “You see an open part.” What will be lost? Flora, fauna and even the COP Borneo orangutan rehabilitation center may also be lost.

Labanan Research Forest has 53 genera of low-level plants, 183 genus of high-level plants. 62 species of Dipterokarpa which are the icon of this forest will also only remain in name. Carbon reserves of 123,912 tons will only remain on paper.

Labanan Research Forest is threatened by coal mining. Will we just stay quiet? Are we ready to lose the richness of the flora of the Kalimantan rainforest? (EBO)

ADA KEPULAN ASAP DI ATAS HUTAN LABANAN

Secara berkala, tim APE Crusader yang kebetulan sedang berada di pusat rehabilitasi orangutan COP Borneo menerbangkan drone. Mengamati bentang alam dari atas saat ini jauh lebih mudah dibandingkan dulu. “Ada kepulan asap. yang menarik untuk didatangi. Tak begitu jauh sekitar 2 km saja.”, ujar Wety Rupiana.

Semakin dekat, semakin jelas terlihat Hutan Penelitian Labanan yang terbakar. “Terlihat bagian yang terbuka.”. Apa yang akan hilang? Flora, fauna bahkan pusat rehabilitasi orangutan COP Borneo mungkin juga akan hilang. 

Hutan Penelitian Labanan memiliki 53 genus tumbuhan tingkat rendah, 183 genus tumbuhan tingkat tinggi. 62 spesies Dipterokarpa (meranti) yang merupakan ciri khas hutan ini pun akan ikut tinggal nama saja. Cadangan karbon 123.912 ton tinggal hitungan diatas kertas saja. 

Hutan Penelitian Labanan terancam pertambangan batu bara. Apakah kita tinggal diam saja? Apakah kita siap kehilangan kekayaan flora hutan hujan Kalimantan ini? 

SAVE ORANGUTAN ISLAND FROM COAL MINING

Temperature at the COP Borneo orangutan monitoring post, Merasa village, Kelay sub-district, East Kalimantan is getting hotter. The trees behind the camp in just a moment have turned to open land. Dazzling! River water looks murky. Dust is everywhere, and wearing masks and glasses help us comfortable. But what about the orangutans on the pre-release island?

Coal mining activities are increasingly approaching the orangutan pre-release island. The wind that blows towards the island cannot be controlled, carrying suffocating dust grains that also hurt our eyes. “How will the orangutan on the pre-release island survive? This condition disturbs the orangutan rehabilitation program! “, Said Reza Kurniawan, COP Borneo manager.

The orangutan pre-release island is an island that is used for orangutans final rehabilitation before being released into their new habitat. This island is a place for orangutans to practice living wild by minimizing human intervention. The island which since December 2015 has successfully released 5 orangutans back to their habitat. “This disturbing coal mining activity will certainly be a bad reputation for the company. Every company is trying to be part of the Orangutan protection effort which is an icon of Indonesia’s protected wildlife. How can KJB ignore this condition? “, Said Reza Kurniawan, worrying about the condition of orangutans on the island.

In your opinion, do orangutans have to succumb to coal mining? Provide support via email info@orangutanprotection.com or https://www.kitabisa.com/orangindo4orangutan

SELAMATKAN PULAU ORANGUTAN DARI TAMBANG BATUBARA

Suhu di pos monitoring orangutan COP Borneo, desa Merasa, kecamatan Kelay, Kalimantan Timur semakin panas. Pepohonan di belakang camp sesaat saja berganti dengan lahan terbuka. Silau! Air sungai terlihat keruh. Dan debu-debu beterbangan, penggunaan masker dan kacamata cukup membuat nyaman, tapi bagaimana dengan orangutan yang berada di pulau pra-rilis?

Aktivitas pertambangan batubara semakin mendekati pulau pra-rilis orangutan. Angin yang bertiup mengarah ke pulau tak mungkin bisa dikendalikan, membawa butiran debu yang menyesakkan dan memerihkan mata. “Bagaimana orangutan di pulau pra-rilis akan bertahan? Kondisi ini menganggu program rehabilitasi orangutan!”, ujar Reza Kurniawan, manajer COP Borneo. 

Pulau pra-rilis orangutan adalah pulau yang digunakan untuk orangutan rehabilitasi tahap akhir sebelum dilepasliarkan ke habitat barunya. Pulau ini akan menjadi tempat berlatih orangutan menjadi liar dengan meminimalisir campur tangan manusia. Pulau yang sejak Desember 2015 telah berhasil meluluskan 5 orangutannya kembali ke habitatnya. “Aktivitas pertambangan batubara yang menganggu ini tentu akan menjadi reputasi buruk bagi perusahaan. Setiap perusahaan sedang berusaha untuk ikut menjadi bagian dari usaha perlindungan Orangutan yang merupakan ikon satwa liar yang dilindungi Indonesia ini. Bagaimana mungkin KJB mengabaikan kondisi ini?”, tegas Reza Kurniawan, mengkawatirkan kondisi orangutan di pulau.

Menurutmu, apakah orangutan harus mengalah pada pertambangan batubara? Berikan dukungan melalui email info@orangutanprotection.com atau https://www.kitabisa.com/orangindo4orangutan

THE COLLAPSING OF 40 YEARS OLD TREES IN LABANAN FOREST

The sound of a chainsaw blaring around the Borneo COP camp. Followed by the sound of a tree falling on the ground. One … two … and countless. Suddenly the forest school class became so bright, the big trees have collapsed.

The Borneo COP orangutan rehabilitation center located in Labanan Research Forest is the best rainforest owned by Indonesia. Being in this forest, like being in a very different place. Humidity is high enough to attract us to continue to be in it, while outside the temperature of Borneo is so stinging. “Not surprisingly, orangutans are very fond of being in a forest school class. Passing a day with them feels so quick. “, Said Johni, coordinator of animal care.

Unfortunately the threat of encroachment on Labanan Research Forest never stopped. Entering the fifth year of the Center for Orangutan Protection here, the conflict continues. “See! we have to lose trees aged 40-45 this year, we do not know who cut them, “said Daniek Hendarto, COP action manager. Three days later, when the team returned to this location, the logs were gone, the trees had disappeared. (EBO)

ROBOHNYA POHON BERUSIA 40 TAHUN DI HUTAN LABANAN

Suara gergaji mesin membahana di sekitaran camp COP Borneo. Disusul suara jatuhnya pohon mengenai tanah. Satu… dua… dan tak terhitung lagi. Tiba-tiba saja kelas sekolah hutan menjadi begitu terang, pohon-pohon besar itu roboh.

Pusat rehabilitasi orangutan COP Borneo yang berlokasi di Hutan Penelitian Labanan adalah hutan hujan terbaik yang dimiliki Indonesia. Berada di hutan ini, seperti berada di tempat yang sangat berbeda. Kelembaban yang cukup tinggi menarik kita untuk terus berada di dalamnya, sementara di luar suhu Kalimantan begitu menyengat. “Tak heran, orangutan sangat menyukai berada di kelas sekolah hutan. Seharian bersama mereka tidak akan pernah terasa.”, ujar Johni, kordinator perawat satwa.

Sayang ancaman perambahan Hutan Penelitian Labanan tak pernah berhenti. Memasuki tahun kelima Centre for Orangutan Protection di sini, konflik terus berlanjut. “Lihat! kita harus kehilangan pohon berusia 40-45 tahun ini, entah siapa yang memotongnya.”, ujar Daniek Hendarto, manajer aksi COP. Tiga hari kemudian, saat tim kembali ke lokasi ini, pohon sudah tidak ada, tebangan-tebangan pohon sudah menghilang. 

AGAIN, AN ORANGUTAN SHOT WITH 74 AIR RIFFLE BULLETS

A shocking news from the Orangutan Information Center in Bunga Tanjung village, Sultan Daulat sub-district, Subussalam city, Aceh. One female orangutan with her baby was found on a plantation owned by a local resident. Sunday, March 10, 2019 the OIC HOCRU team together with the Aceh BKSDA and WCS managed to save the orangutan mother named Hope. Hope’s condition was severe with injuries from sharp objects in her right hand, left fingers and right foot. In both of her eyes wounded by air rifle bullets. In its journey, the orangutan baby who is only one month old cannot be saved because of trauma and malnutrition. Both were taken to the SOCP rehabilitation center in North Sumatra.

Today, March 12, 2019, the Sumatran Orangutan Conservation Program (SOCP) conducted a medical examination and found 74 rifle bullets in Hope’s body. Air rifle bullets also blinded her eyes. There are fractured bones in his hands and feet.

“The rules for using air rifles are clear. 74 rifle bullets that nest in Hope’s body are not accidental. This is a crime. Come on, Aceh Regional Police, arrest the perpetrators. Ministry of Environment and Forestry, orangutans are still protected animals right? The Center for Orangutan Protection is ready to help, “said Ramadhani, the Center for Orangutan Protection and Orangutan Protection Campaign Manager.

As a reminder, the District Court (PN) for the case of an orangutan’s death with 130 air rifle bullets in Teluk Pandan, East Kutai District, East Kalimantan stated that the four defendants were found guilty and sentenced to seven months and with Rp. 50,000,000 fine and a subsidiary of 2 months in prison.
#TerorSenapanAngin
LAGI, ORANGUTAN DITEMBAK DENGAN 74 PELURU SENAPAN ANGIN
Berita mengejutkan dari Orangutan Information Centre di desa Bunga Tanjung, kecamatan Sultan Daulat, kota Subussalam, Aceh. Satu individu orangutan betina dengan anaknya ditemukan di perkebunan milik warga setempat. Minggu, 10 Maret 2019 tim HOCRU OIC bersama BKSDA Aceh dan WCS berhasil menyelamatkan induk orangutan yang diberi nama Hope. Kondisi Hope cukup parah dengan luka-luka dari benda tajam pada tangan kanan, jari kiri dan kaki kanannya. Pada kedua matanya luka akibat peluru senapan angin. Dalam perjalanannya, bayi orangutan yang baru berusia 1 bulan tidak dapat diselamatkan karena trauma dan malnutrisi (Foto:OIC). Keduanya dibawa ke pusat rehabilitasi SOCP di Sumatera Utara.

Hari ini, 12 Maret 2019, Sumatran Orangutan Conservation Programme (SOCP) melakukan pemeriksaan medis dan ditemukan 74 peluru senapan angin di tubuh Hope. Peluru senapan angin juga membuat kedua matanya buta. Terdapat tulang retak pada tangan dan kakinya.

“Aturan penggunaan senapan angin sudah jelas. 74 peluru senapan angin yang bersarang di tubuh Hope bukan tanpa sengaja. Ini adalah kejahatan. Ayo Polda Aceh, tangkap pelakunya. Kementrian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan, orangutan masih satwa yang dilindungi Undang-Undang kan? Centre for Orangutan Protection siap membantu.”, kata Ramadhani, Manajer Kampanye Perlindungan Orangutan dan Habitatnya Centre for Orangutan Protection.

Sebagai catatan, Pengadilan Negeri (PN) Kutim untuk kasus kematian orangutan dengan 130 peluru senapan angin di Teluk Pandan, Kabupaten Kutai Timur, Kalimantan Timur menyatakan keempat terdakwa terbukti bersalah dan divonis tujuh bulan dan dengan Rp 50.000.000,00 subsider 2 bulan kurungan.

THREATENING ORANGUTAN, PALM OIL COMPANY, PT. GPM REPORTED TO KPK

Centre for Orangutan Protection urged the Corruption Eradication Commission to examine allegations of corruption in permit granting process related to the oil palm plantation business of PT. GPM in Berau district, East Kalimantan. PT. GPM is a subsidiary of PS Group which has a long track record in endangering the Borneo Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus morio) and its habitat. Threat on orangutans is a clear evidence that there is something wrong with granting licenses, both technically and administratively, that involve all parties, the local government, companies and environmental consultants. COP also submitted a report on a case that had occurred previously at PT. AE, another PS Group subsidiary operating in East Kutai as supporting material for the investigation.

The concession area of PT. GPM is an area that has High Conservation Value, an important habitat for orangutans. Based on a survey conducted by BOSF, the density of orangutans in the concession area of PT. GPM reaches 2.54 individuals / km2, and there are 234 tree species (38% of orangutan tree species). When conducting a field check the Centre for Orangutan Protection team found orangutan along with her baby were in the location being cleared. The East Kalimantan BKSDA with the assistance of the COP has twice transferred adult male orangutans begging for food on the road side in the concession area of PT. GPM. It is estimated that these orangutans are very hungry and forested areas that are the source of food have been cleared. Besides those begging orangutans, COP also found female orangutans and their children in the same area.

The Bornean Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus morio) is one of the most protected wildlife species in Indonesia under Law No. 5 of 1990 concerning Conservation of Biodiversity and its Ecosystem. The population continues to decline due to deforestation for palm oil plantations. The Centre for Orangutan Protection greatly appreciates KPK in arresting the local government heads that involved in corruption related to granting permits of forest and land-based business in Kalimantan. The PS Group’s case is expected to be one of the KPK’s important achievements in preventing state’s greater losses in the forestry sector.

For more information and interviews please contact:
Ramadhani
Campaign Manager
Centre for Orangutan Protection
Mobile: 081349271904
Email: info@orangutanprotection.com

MENGANCAM ORANGUTAN, PERUSAHAAN SAWIT PT.GPM DILAPORKAN KE KPK
Centre for Orangutan Protection meminta Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi untuk memeriksa dugaan korupsi dalam proses pemberian ijin – ijin yang berkaitan dengan usaha perkebunan kelapa sawit PT. GPM di kabupaten Berau, Kalimantan Timur. PT. GPM merupakan anak perusahaan PS Group yang memiliki rekam jejak panjang dalam membahayakan Orangutan Kalimantan (Pongo pygmaeus morio) dan habitatnya. Terancamnya orangutan merupakan bukti yang jelas dan terang bahwa ada yang keliru dalam pemberian ijin, baik secara teknis maupun administrasi, yangmana ini bisa melibatkan para pihak secara bersama – sama, baik Pemerintah Daerah, perusahaan dan konsultan lingkungan. COP juga menyerahkan laporan atas kasus yang terjadi sebelumnya di PT. AE, anak perusahaan PS Group lainnya yang beroperasi di Kutai Timur sebagai bahan pendukung penyelidikan.

Kawasan konsesi PT. GPM merupakan kawasan yang memiliki Nilai Konservasi Tinggi, habitat penting bagi orangutan. Berdasarkan survei yang dilakukan oleh BOSF, kepadatan orangutan di kawasan konsesi PT. GPM mencapai 2,54 individu/km2, serta terdapat 234 spesies pohon (38% spesies pohon pakan orangutan). Pada saat melakukan cek lapangan tim Centre for Orangutan Protection mendapati 1 (satu) individu orangutan berserta anaknya berada di lokasi yang sedang dilakukan pembabatan. BKSDA Kaltim dengan dibantu COP telah 2 (dua) kali mentranslokasikan orangutan jantan dewasa yang mengemis makanan di tepian jalan raya yang berada di dalam kawasan konsesi PT. GPM. Diperkirakan, orangutan – orangutan tersebut sangat kelaparan dan kawasan berhutan yang menjadi sumber makanan telah dibabat. Selain orangutan – orangutan jantan yang mengemis tersebut, COP juga pernah menemukan orangutan – orangutan betina dan anaknya di kawasan yang sama.

Orangutan Kalimantan (Pongo pygmaeus morio) merupakan salah satu spesies satwa liar yang paling dilindungi di Indonesia berdasarkan Undang – Undang Nomor 5 Tahun 1990 tentang Konservasi Keanekaragaman Hayati dan Ekosistemnya. Populasinya terus merosot dikarenakan pembabatan hutan untuk membuka perkebunan kelapa sawit. Centre for Orangutan Protection sangat mengapresasi kerja – kerja KPK dalam menangkap para Kepala Daerah yang terlibat korupsi dalam pemberian ijin – ijin usaha berbasis lahan dan hutan di Kalimantan. Kasus PS Group ini diharapkan akan menjadi salah satu capaian penting KPK dalam mencegah kerugian negara yang lebih besar di bidang kehutanan.

Untuk informasi lebih lanjut dan wawancara silakan menghubungi:
Ramadhani
Manajer Kampanye
Centre for Orangutan Protection
HP: 081349271904
Email: info@orangutanprotection.com

WILD LITTLE ALOUISE

Unfotunately, this litle orangutan’s life must end up in human hands again. Saturday, March 9, 2019, this male orangutan entered the quarantine cage of the COP Borneo orangutan rehabilitation center, in Berau, East Kalimantan.

Alouise looked scared when approached. His fear was shown by the more aggressive and wild behavior. His small body was not strong enough to fight, finally Alouise bit. His small, sharp teeth landed when he was removed from the transport cage.

Currently, he is adjusting to the enclosure at the COP Borneo clinic. The medical team will immediately evaluate his health both physically and laboratory. “I don’t know the story, especially until Alouise fell into human hands. Maybe the mother has been killed. “, Said veterinarian Flora, watching her.

SI KECIL ALOUISE NAN LIAR
Sayang sekali, orangutan kecil ini harus berakhir di tangan manusia lagi. Sabtu, 9 Maret 2019, orangutan berjenis kelamin jantan ini masuk kandang karantina pusat rehabilitasi orangutan COP Borneo, di Berau, Kalimantan Timur.

Alouise terlihat takut saat didekati. Rasa takutnya ditunjukkannya dengan semakin agresif dan liarnya tingkahnya. Tubuh kecilnya tak cukup kuat untuk melawan, akhirnya Alouise pun mengigit. Giginya yang kecil dan tajam pun mendarat saat dia dikeluarkan dari kandang angkut.

Saat ini, dia sedang menyesuaikan diri dengan kandang yang ada di klinik COP Borneo. Tim medis akan segera mengevaluasi kesehatannya baik secara fisik dan laboratorium. “Entah cerita apalagi hingga Alouise sampai jatuh ke tangan manusia. Mungkin induknya sudah mati terbunuh.”, ujar dokter hewan Flora sambil memperhatikannya.

ORANGUTAN’S LETTER TO MR. PRESIDENT JOKOWI

H. E. Joko Widodo

President of the Republic of Indonesia Istana Merdeka
Jakarta Pusat 10110
Indonesia

Dear President Widodo,
Like you, we care deeply about conservation and creating economic growth opportunities that preserve and sustain the environment. Indonesia’s natural beauty is admired and appreciated around the world. Indonesia hosts one of the highest levels of biodiversity on earth. Already, Indonesia is demonstrating leadership in the international community and at home.
We commend your vision to lead Indonesia into a new era of climate action, pledging to reduce Indonesia’s emissions growth by up to 41 percent below business as usual by 2030, and to help the people and natural heritage of Indonesia by curbing deforestation and rehabilitating 12 million hectares of degraded land. This vision of environmentally responsible growth has the potential to boost Indonesia’s global market access by allowing the country to become a globally recognized source of responsibly sourced products, boosting the economy.
A key element of environmentally responsible growth is sustainable infrastructure. Done right, energy and infrastructure projects have the potential to drive economic growth and help people while channeling development in ways that do not adversely affect the environment.
In that context, we urge you to take a heroic action to protect the newly-discovered Tapanuli orangutan by canceling construction of the proposed Batang Toru dam project. The Batang Toru dam was authorized before the Tapanuli orangutan species (Pongo tapanuliensis) was identified in 2017 by scientists (including Anton Nurcahyo, Dyah Perwitasari-Farajallah, Puji Rianti, and Joko Pamungkas from Indonesia). As such, their habitat is globally important, and the conservation of the Tapanuli orangutan has become both an Indonesian and international conservation priority. There are just eight living great ape species, and we know that your actions to protect the Tapanuli orangutan would be long celebrated, a powerful piece of your legacy to Indonesia.
There are other key new pieces of information about the project that merit its reconsideration and cancellation:
• With only an estimated 800 Tapanuli orangutans in existence, this new species is designated as critically endangered. Modeling suggests that if more than one percent of the population is depleted each year – more than 8 individuals – the species will go extinct. 

• The Batang Toru dam will mean extinction for the Tapanuli. This project was conceived and planned more than half a decade before the new species was identified, so it could not have taken into account its impact on the Tapanuli. 

• The project has not taken into account the impact of the hydroelectric dam and supporting infrastructure on the Tapanuli Orangutan in its AMDAL (environmental impact assessment). 

• Indigenous Peoples in North Sumatra say that the project will evict them from their ancestral lands. 

We encourage you to review the dam’s siting and work with the relevant local government agencies to identify alternative options for increasing energy production, such as solar or geothermal. For example, the Sarulla geothermal electricity project that currently provides electricity to the area could be expanded without adversely impacting orangutans.
At the end of the day, it would be a tragedy to drive the extinction of the Tapanuli orangutan for a mere 510 megawatts of energy, less than one percent of Indonesia’s generation capacity – especially when overcapacity is a significant concern and the nearby Sarulla geothermal facility could be expanded, providing clean energy to support the region’s infrastructure and development. There is ample financing available that can help develop this and other clean energy sources as an alternative.
In light of the recent scientific and conservation developments, we beg you to secure a future for one of Indonesia’s natural wonders. Please cancel the dam. Take steps to protect the Tapanuli orangutan and the broader Batang Toru ecosystem for the long term by introducing legislation to recognize its special status and protect the area from all forms of industrial development.
Thank you for your consideration. We would welcome a dialogue on this issue and other opportunities to promote environmentally responsible growth in Indonesia.

Sincerely,
Former U.S. Congressman Henry Waxman (Mighty Earth, Chairman)
Former U.S. Secretary of Commerce and U.S. Ambassador to China Gary Locke
Former U.S. Congressman and Chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee Howard Berman Former U.S. Congressman George Miller
The Honorable Zac Goldsmith, MP United Kingdom
Former U.S. Ambassador to Indonesia Robert Blake, Jr. (Board Co-Chair, US-Indonesia Society) Former U.S. Ambassador to Indonesia Cameron Hume
Chelsea Clinton and Marc Mezvinsky
Alison Sudol, Actress, Singer/Songwriter and IUCN Goodwill Ambassador
Panut Hadisiswoyo – Orangutan Information Center
Hardi Baktiantoro, Center for Orangutan Protection
Franky Samperante, PUSAKA
Farwiza Farhan, Yayasan HAkA
Kusnadi Oldani, FOKUS [Forum Orangutan Sumatra]
Teguh Surya, Madani
Karlo Lumban Raja, Sawit Watch
Helen Buckland, Sumatran Orangutan Society
Dr. Ian Redmond, Chairman of Ape Alliance
“Marc Ancrenaz, Dr. med. vet. (PhD). HUTAN – Kinabatangan Orang-utan Conservation Programme Scientific Director”
Leif Cocks, President – The Orangutan Project
Michelle Desilets, Orangutan Land Trust
Irena Wettstein, PanEco Foundation
Dr Ian Singleton, Sumatran Orangutan Conservation Programme Erik Meijaard, Adjunct Professor, University of Queensland Upreshpal Singh, Friends of the Orangutans
Dr. William Laurance (scientist, conservationist, and founder of ALERT)
Russell A. Mittermeier, Ph.D., IUCN SSC Primate Specialist Group Chair and Global Wildlife Conservation Chief Conservation Officer
Dirck Byler, IUCN SSC Primate Specialist Group, Section on Great Apes, Chair
Rebecca Kormos, Ph.D., IUCN SSC Primate Specialist Group, Section on Great Apes, Deputy Vice-Chair Serge Wich, Ph.D., IUCN SSC Primate Specialist Group, Section on Great Apes, Vice-Chair
Karen B. Strier, President, International Primatological Society
Bill McKibben, Founder, 350.org
Anja Lillegraven, Rainforest Foundation Norway
James Askew, Research Fellow at Carnegie Institution for Science
Michael Brune, Sierra Club
Fatah Sadaoui and Rebecca Falcon, SumofUs
Iain Keith, Avaaz.org

Kepada Yang Terhormat:
Bapak Ir. Joko Widodo
Presiden Republik of Indonesia
Istana Merdeka
Jakarta Pusat 10110
Indonesia

Bapak Presiden yang Terhormat,

Seperti Anda, kami sangat peduli akan konservasi dan menciptakan peluang pertumbuhan ekonomi yang pada saat yang sama melestarikan dan menjaga kelestarian lingkungan. Keindahan alam Indonesia dikagumi dan dihargai di seluruh dunia. Indonesia memiliki salah satu tingkat keanekaragaman hayati tertinggi di dunia. Indonesia saat ini telah menunjukkan kepemimpinannya dalam komunitas internasional dan di dalam negri.

Kami menghargai visi Anda dalam memimpin Indonesia menuju era baru aksi iklim, janji Anda untuk mengurangi kenaikan emisi Indonesia hingga 41 persen di bawah kondisi yang sama pada tahun 2030, dan membantu masyarakat dan warisan alam Indonesia dengan mengurangi deforestasi dan merehabilitasi 12 juta hektar lahan kritis. Visi pertumbuhan yang bertanggung jawab terhadap lingkungan ini berpotensi meningkatkan akses pasar global Indonesia dan membuka kesempatan bagi Indonesia menjadi penghasil barang yang diproduksi secara bertanggung jawab dan diakui secara global, serta meningkatkan perekonomian.
 
Elemen kunci dari pertumbuhan yang bertanggung jawab terhadap lingkungan adalah infrastruktur yang berkelanjutan. Bila dilakukan dengan benar, proyek-proyek energi dan infrastruktur berpotensi mendorong pertumbuhan ekonomi dan membantu masyarakat serta menyalurkan pembangunan menuju cara yang tidak berdampak buruk terhadap lingkungan.
 
Dalam konteks itu, kami mendesak Anda untuk mengambil tindakan heroik untuk melindungi spesies orangutan Tapanuli yang baru ditemukan dengan membatalkan usulan pembangunan proyek bendungan Batang Toru. Pembangunan bendungan Batang Toru disetujui sebelum spesies orangutan Tapanuli (Pongo tapanuliensis) diidentifikasi pada tahun 2017 oleh para ilmuwan (termasuk Anton Nurcahyo, Dyah Perwitasari-Farajallah, Puji Rianti, dan Joko Pamungkas dari Indonesia). Dengan demikian, habitat mereka penting secara global, dan konservasi orangutan Tapanuli telah menjadi prioritas konservasi Indonesia dan internasional. Di dunia, hanya hidup delapan spesies kera besar, dan kami tahu bahwa tindakan Anda melindungi orangutan Tapanuli dirayakan untuk waktu yang lama, dan merupakan warisan Anda yang kuat untuk Indonesia.

Ada beberapa informasi kunci baru lain yang dapat dipertimbangkan untuk pembatalan atau pengkajian ulang proyek ini:

• Karena diperkirakan adanya hanya 800 orangutan Tapanuli, spesies baru ini ditetapkan sebagai sangat terancam punah. Pemodelan menunjukkan bahwa jika lebih dari satu persen populasi ini, atau lebih dari 8 individu, hilang setiap tahun maka spesies ini akan punah.
• Bendungan Batang Toru akan mengakibatkan kepunahan untuk spesies Tapanuli. Proyek ini disusun dan direncanakan lebih dari setengah dekade sebelum spesies baru diidentifikasi, sehingga tidak dapat memperhitungkan dampaknya pada spesies Tapanuli.
• Proyek ini tidak memperhitungkan dampak bendungan listrik tenaga air dan infrastruktur pendukungnya terhadap Orangutan Tapanuli dalam AMDAL (analisis mengenai dampak lingkungan).
• Masyarakat adat Sumatera Utara mengatakan bahwa proyek ini akan mengusir mereka dari tanah leluhurnya.

Kami mendorong Anda untuk meninjau lokasi bendungan dan bekerja dengan lembaga pemerintah daerah terkait untuk mengidentifikasi opsi alternatif untuk meningkatkan produksi energi, misalnya dengan tenaga surya atau panas bumi. Misalnya, proyek listrik panas bumi Sarulla yang saat ini menyediakan listrik ke daerah itu dapat diperluas tanpa berdampak buruk pada orangutan.

Pada akhirnya, akan menjadi tragedi bila kepunahan orangutan Tapanuli terjadi hanya karena pembangkit listrik 510 megawatt, atau kurang dari satu persen kapasitas pembangkitan Indonesia. Terlebih lagi bila kelebihan kapasitas merupakan masalah yang signifikan dan fasilitas panas bumi Sarulla terdekat dapat diperluas dan menyediakan energi bersih untuk mendukung infrastruktur dan pembangunan kawasan. Ada banyak pembiayaan yang tersedia yang dapat membantu mengembangkannya dan sumber energi bersih lainnya sebagai alternatif.

Mengingat perkembangan ilmiah dan konservasi belakangan ini, kami mohon Anda menjaga masa depan salah satu keajaiban alam Indonesia. Tolong batalkan pembangunan bendungan ini. Ambil langkah-langkah untuk melindungi orangutan Tapanuli dan lebih luas lagi ekosistem Batang Toru untuk jangka panjang dengan mengeluarkan undang-undang untuk mengakui status khusus dan melindungi daerah tersebut dari semua bentuk pengembangan industri.

Terima kasih atas pertimbangan Anda. Kami akan mengundang dialog mengenai masalah ini dan peluang lain untuk mempromosikan pertumbuhan yang bertanggung jawab untuk lingkungan di Indonesia.

Hormat kami,
Former U.S. Congressman Henry Waxman (Mighty Earth, Chairman)
Former U.S. Secretary of Commerce and U.S. Ambassador to China Gary Locke
Former U.S. Congressman and Chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee Howard Berman Former U.S. Congressman George Miller
The Honorable Zac Goldsmith, MP United Kingdom
Former U.S. Ambassador to Indonesia Robert Blake, Jr. (Board Co-Chair, US-Indonesia Society)
Former U.S. Ambassador to Indonesia Cameron Hume
Chelsea Clinton and Marc Mezvinsky
Alison Sudol, Actress, Singer/Songwriter and IUCN Goodwill Ambassador
Panut Hadisiswoyo, Orangutan Information Center
Hardi Baktiantoro, Centre for Orangutan Protection
Franky Samperante, PUSAKA
Farwiza Farhan, Yayasan HAkA
Kusnadi Oldani, FOKUS [Forum Orangutan Sumatra]
Teguh Surya, Madani
Karlo Lumban Raja, Sawit Watch
Helen Buckland, Sumatran Orangutan Society
Dr. Ian Redmond, Chairman of Ape Alliance
“Marc Ancrenaz, Dr. med. vet. (PhD).HUTAN -Kinabatangan Orang-utan Conservation ProgrammeScientific Director”
Leif Cocks, President -The Orangutan Project
Michelle Desilets, Orangutan Land Trust
Irena Wettstein, PanEco Foundation
Dr Ian Singleton, Sumatran Orangutan Conservation Programme
Erik Meijaard, Adjunct Professor, University of Queensland
Upreshpal Singh, Friends of the Orangutans
Dr. William Laurance (scientist, conservationist, and founder of ALERT)
Russell A. Mittermeier, Ph.D., IUCN SSC Primate Specialist Group Chair and Global Wildlife Conservation Chief Conservation Officer
Dirck Byler, IUCN SSC Primate Specialist Group, Section on Great Apes, Chair
Rebecca Kormos, Ph.D., IUCN SSC Primate Specialist Group, Section on Great Apes, Deputy Vice-Chair
Serge Wich, Ph.D., IUCN SSC Primate Specialist Group, Section on Great Apes, Vice-Chair
Karen B. Strier, President, International Primatological Society
Bill McKibben, Founder, 350.org
Anja Lillegraven, Rainforest Foundation Norway
James Askew, Research Fellow at Carnegie Institution for Science
Michael Brune, Sierra Club
Fatah Sadaoui and Rebecca Falcon, SumofUs
Iain Keith, Avaaz.org

INDONESIAN COALITION URGES GOVERMENT TO SAVE TAPANULI ORANGUTAN, PROTECT “WONDERFUL INDONESIA”

Controversial US$ 1.6 billion dam project backed by China and Dharmawangsa Group threatens extinction of the rare Pongo tapanuliensis orangutan
JAKARTA, 5 March 2019 – The stage is set for a crucial showdown in a long-running battle to save a newly discovered rare species of orangutan from possible extinction at the hands of a planned US$ 1.6 billion hydroelectric dam project. The state administrative court in Medan ruled yesterday in narrow terms that it would not halt the construction of the dam. In the wake of that decision, a coalition of Indonesian organizations and international leaders are calling on the government to cancel the dam project and protect the ecosystem for the long term.
The proposed dam project, being constructed on the Batang Toru River, North Sumatra, by Chinese hydroelectric giant Sinohydro with financing from the Bank of China threatens the newly discovered Tapanuli orangutan species, as well as thousands of local people whose livelihoods will be put a risk.

The Tapanuli orangutan was only identified as a new species in 2017, the seventh great ape species in the world. Despite being newly identified, it is already perilously close to extinction with a population now numbering less than 800 individuals. It is estimated that the population has almost halved since 1985, and that it will continue to decline unless comprehensive protection measures are implemented.

The US$ 1.6 billion hydroelectric power plant, the largest on the island of Sumatra, is scheduled for completion by 2022. However, the dam was planned before the identification of the Tapanuli orangutan – meaning the environmental planning process didn’t consider the risk of extinction to this species.

The ownership of the project, considered part of China’s Belt and Road Initiative, is a maze of overlapping Indonesian and Chinese entities, Chinese finance, and the Chinese state-owned company Sinohydro.

“Chinese investment has the potential to do a lot of good, but this project risks tarring the reputation of the Belt and Road Initiative,” said Panut Hadisiwoyo, Founding Director of the Orangutan Information Centre (OIC). “We hope that the Chinese government will reconsider this project in light of the discovery of the Tapanuli orangutan: can you imagine a foreign-funded project that threatens the Giant Panda with extinction ever being approved?”

One potential beneficiary of the dam is the nearby the Martabe gold mine, which is currently set to expand further into Tapanuli orangutan habitat. The mine is owned by a subsidiary of the giant British conglomerate Jardines Matheson, which has previously been criticized for its palm oil subsidiary’s tens of thousands of acres of deforestation of Sumatran orangutan habitat.

“Jardines has already profited from destroying tens of thousands of acres of Indonesian forests, and now it’s trying to mine gold that would forever be linked to the deaths of Tapanuli orangutans,” said Glenn Hurowitz, CEO Mighty Earth, an organization that has urged Jardines to help protect the Tapanuli. “Nobody wants to buy a gold necklace or wedding ring that is associated with killing an endangered species.”

The Dharma Hydro company, part of the Dharmawangsa Group, is also linked to the project. Dharma Hydro is the largest shareholder in North Sumatra Hydro Energy (NSHE), the company behind the dam project. Paradoxically, even as it helps develop a dam that would inundate habitat of the world’s rarest great ape, the Dharmawangsa Group is marketing a new resort it is developing on the island of Beilitung as an “eco resort.”

Environmental assessments have found that the construction and operation of the dam and power plant will also threaten the livelihoods of thousands of downstream local residents who rely on the river’s ecosystem for their survival for fisheries, agriculture, transport, and daily water needs.

“The Indonesian government spends millions of dollars on advertising to promote our natural treasures through the ‘Wonderful Indonesia’ campaign,” said Hardi Baktiantoro from Center of Orangutan Protection, who also joined the interview. “President Jokowi should protect that investment by focusing on responsible energy and infrastructure projects that can meet our power needs while protecting Indonesia’s wildlife.”

These enormous threats likely would come with few benefits. The dam has among the lowest benefit-to-cost ratios of any planned hydro-energy project in the region. It would operate only during peak times and carries projected cost of over US$1.6 billion. NSHE is also planning to build the dam in an area of intense geological activity, putting the project and surrounding communities at risk of earthquakes with potentially catastrophic consequences.

Reports have documented that there is no pressing need for the energy that would beproduced by the dam and shown that there are viable alternatives for energy production in the region. For example, the nearby 330 MW Sarulla geothermal project produces clean energy and can be upgraded to 1 GW if needed to meet the flexible or peak load power needs the dam is supposedly designed to address – and all without posing a risk to the Tapanuli orangutan.

“Indonesia can meet its infrastructure and energy needs without threatening the Tapanuli orangutan or wasting massive amounts of money on the Batang Toru dam – there are options for geothermal, solar power, or even smaller, less expensive and damaging hydro projects,” said Arrum from Sumatran Orangutan Conservation Programme. “Ultimately, it is going to be us, the Indonesian people, that will have to pay back this enormous loan in our electricity bills”.

Further information, please contact:
Mighty Earth
Glenn Hurowitz
CEO
glenn@waxmanstrategies.com

Image Dynamics
Ayunda Putri
+62 8122 00 1411 (phone & text) / +62 8977 400 788 (whatsApp)
ayunda.prisdiani@gmail.com

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